Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion
Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion is a surgical procedure of the lower back where the damaged disc which is located between the two spinal bones (vertebrae) is removed and the vertebrae are fused together.
In transforaminal procedure, the damaged disc is removed from the side and is replaced with artificial device (prosthesis) made of bone, plastic or ceramic. Space around the prosthesis is filled with milled bone and then stabilized with titanium screws and rods. The prosthesis and the milled bone will fuse with other vertebrae over the time and provide more stability to the spinal column.
This surgery is performed for various conditions such as degenerative disc disease, low grade spondylolisthesis, spinal instability and others.